PUBLIC POLICY 
PUB PLC M267. Medicare Reform. (4)
(Same as Health Services M252.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Analytical and managerial skills learned earlier to be used to analyze problems with existing medicare program and to develop specific options for reforming features of program to accommodate coming pressures generated by retirement of baby-boom generation. Letter grading. Prof. Mark A. Peterson 
PUB PLC M269. Health Care Policy and Finance. (4)
(Formerly numbered 269.) (Same as Health Services M269.) Seminar, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Exploration of demand for health insurance, policies for public insurance (Medicaid and Medicare), the uninsured, and health insurance reform. Examination of effects of managed care on health and costs, consumer protection movement, and rise of competitive health care markets. Letter grading. Prof. Arleen Leibowitz 
PUB PLC M213. Mental Health Policy. (4)
(Same as Social Welfare M290K.) Lecture, three hours. Examination of evolution of social policy and services for the mentally ill, with emphasis on political, economic, ideological, and sociological factors that affect views of the mentally ill and services they are provided. S/U or letter grading. Prof. James McGuire
PUB PLC M215. Health Policy. (4)
(Same as Social Welfare M290M.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to contemporary issues in health care financing and delivery, providing historical perspective on emergence of these issues. Examination of major public programs and their relationship to issues of access and cost. S/U or letter grading. Prof. A.E. Benjamin 
PUB PLC M266. Health Policy Seminar (4)
(Same as Health Services M249E) Public policy concerning payment for medical care services and characteristics of the market for those services: demand for care, fee-for-services and prepaid payment systems, regulation of price and capital investment, private sector efforts to control health care costs. Prof. Ninez Ponce 
PUB PLC M268. Microeconomic Theory of Health Sector. (4)
(Same as Health Services M236.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Preparation: intermediate microeconomics. Requisite: Biostatistics 100A. Microeconomic aspects of the health care system, including health manpower substitution, choice of efficient modes of treatment, market efficiency, and competition. Prof. Thomas Rice 
SOCIAL WELFARE 
SOC WEL M203D. Supporting Families of Children with Special Needs. (2)
(Same as Psychiatry M254) Techniques and issues in counseling families through evaluation, feedback, and treatment. Social and psychological stresses on family unit, professional's reactions, community resources, and issues of genetic counseling, placement, and developmental crises.
SOC WEL M203E. Hispanic Mental Health Issues and Treatment. (2)
(Same as Psychiatry M231) Mental health issues and needs of Hispanics through seminars and videotapes dealing with historical comparison of psychiatry in Mexico and the U.S., analysis of various theoretical perspectives regarding biopsychosocial behavior; distinguishing psychodynamic from cultural factors in treatment of Spanish-speaking patients; treatment of Hispanic families, couples, undocumented persons, and criminal justice system clientele.
SOC WEL 285F. Research in Health. (4)
(Formerly numbered 285C.) Lecture, three hours. Research in area of health policy and services. Discussions of readings about range of research from field of health services. Identification of research design issues, design of research instruments, analysis of strengths and limitations of current approaches to health services research, consideration of alternative roles for social work practitioners in arena of health services. Letter grading.
SOC WEL 285G. Research in Mental Health. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Research methods in mental health. Application of experimental designs, survey research methods, ethnographic methods, single-subject designs, and observational methods. Operational definition of variables and selection and design of appropriate measures for research in mental health. Practice in critiquing published research related to mental health issues.
SOC WEL M290D. Women, Health, and Aging: Policy Issues. (4)
(Same as Health Services M241) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Social and economic context of older women's aging, major physical and psychological changes older women experience, delivery of health services to this population, and policies that respond to their health needs.
SOC WEL M290I. Children with Special Health Care Needs: Systems Perspective. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M420) Lectures, three hours; fieldwork, one hour. Examination and evaluation of principles, policies, programs, and practices which have evolved to identify, assess, and meet special needs of infants, children, and adolescents with developmental disabilities or chronic illness and their families.
URBAN PLANNING 
URB PLN 470. Introduction to Occupational Health Education. (2 or 4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M470) Lecture, one hour; discussion; two hours; outside assignment, one hour. Health education theory and practice as applied to occupational health and safety. Emphasis on design and evaluation of education programs dealing with health and safety issues for workplace settings.
URB PLN M262. Pollution Prevention. (2)
(Same as Environmental Health Sciences M239) Seminar, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Series of talks by academics, policymakers, industry representatives, and public interest advocates addressing opportunities for and obstacles to adopting principles of pollution prevention, including several case studies of specific policy and industry initiatives in this area.
HEALTH SERVICES 
HLT SER 200A-200B. Health Systems Organization and Financing. (4)
Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. In-depth analysis of health services systems in the U.S., using relevant theories, concepts, and models.
HLT SER M204A. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy. (1)
(Same as Economics M204L.) Seminar, three hours every other week for three terms. Requisites: course M236, Economics 201A, 201B, 201C. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. In Progress grading.
HLT SER M204B. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy. (1)
(Same as Economics M204M.) Seminar, three hours every other week for three terms. Requisites: course M236, Economics 201A, 201B, 201C. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. In Progress grading.
HLT SER M204C. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy. (2)
(Same as Economics M204N.) Seminar, three hours every other week for three terms. Requisites: course M236, Economics 201A, 201B, 201C. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. S/U or letter grading.
HLT SER 205. Pharmaceutical Policy. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Policy issues pertaining to pharmaceutical sector. Topics include determinants of expenditures on drugs, price setting in industry, health insurance coverage for pharmaceuticals, and research and development process. Letter grading.
HLT SER 214. Measurements of Effectiveness and Outcomes of Health Care. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M422, Biostatistics 100A. Historical perspective for development of health status measures and their utilization in assessment of outcomes and effectiveness in medical care. Review of current methods in context of current research and practice. Letter grading.
HLT SER 220. Seminar: Cost Containment. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Through lectures and discussion of journal articles, analysis of success and failure of alternative methods of controlling U.S. health care costs. Examination of how other countries have controlled their costs.
HLT SER 221. Tobacco: Prevention, Use, and Public Policy. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for juniors/seniors and graduate students. Study of tobacco use and its health consequences, including interplay of historical, biological, sociocultural, political, and economic forces with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior choices of individuals. Introduction to prevention interventions, cessation interventions, anti-tobacco efforts in the U.S., and international trends in tobacco use.
HLT SER 231. History of Public Health . (4)
Discussion, three hours. Designed for doctoral students. Emphasis on topics which illuminate current issues in public health policy. Discussion of historical perspectives on health care providers, health care institutions, health care reform movements, public health activities, childbirth, and AIDS.
HLT SER 232. Governmental Health Services and Trends. (4)
Systematic analysis of interface between organized programs of personal health services and governmental agencies at all jurisdictional levels. Study of changing relationships between traditional public health and newer medical care and quality control functions.
HLT SER M233. Health Policy Analysis . (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M252.) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 100 or 200A, M236, M287. Conceptual and procedural tools for analysis of health policy, emphasizing role of analysis during various phases of the life cycle of public policy. Letter grading.
HLT SER 234. Health Service Organization and Management Theory. (4)
Application of contemporary organization and management theory to systems that provide personal health care services. Environmental characteristics, missions/goals, structure and processes of health service organizations.
HLT SER 235. Law, Social Change, and Health Service Policy. (4)
Legal issues affecting policy formation for environmental, preventive, and curative health service programs.
HLT SER M236. Microeconomic Theory of Health Sector. (4)
(Formerly numbered 236.) (Same as Public Policy M268.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Preparation: intermediate microeconomics. Requisite: Biostatistics 100A. Microeconomic aspects of the health care system, including health manpower substitution, choice of efficient modes of treatment, market efficiency, and competition.
HLT SER 237A-237B-237C. Special Topics in Health Service Research Methodology. (4)
Lecture, one hour; discussion, three hours. In-depth consideration of problems in application of statistical and other quantitative methods in health services research. Critique of adequacy of study designs, appropriateness of analyses, and degree to which conclusions are supported by data.
HLT SER 238. Politics of Health Care. (4)
Concepts and procedures for political analysis; national, state, and local politics in health care; examination of selected case studies.
HLT SER 239. Aging and Long-Term Care. (4)
Long-term care of the chronically ill elderly examined from the perspective of political and sociodemographic trends, including populations at risk, policy options, and alternative forms of care such as nursing homes, home care, and care by informal support systems.
HLT SER 240. Health Care Issues in International Perspective . (4)
Prerequisites: two health administration courses, two upper division social sciences courses, or equivalent, consent of instructor. Analysis of crucial issues in health care; manpower policy, economic support, health facilities, patterns of health service delivery, regulation, planning, and other aspects of health care systems probed in settings of European welfare states, developing nations, and socialist countries.
HLT SER CM241. Women, Health, and Aging: Policy Issues . (4)
(Formerly numbered M241.) (Same as Social Welfare M290D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Preparation: two upper division social sciences courses, two upper division biological sciences courses. Social and economic context of older women's aging, major physical and psychological changes older women experience, delivery of health services to this population, and policies that respond to their health needs. Concurrently scheduled with course CM141. Letter grading.
HLT SER M242. Determinants of Health. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M232.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Critical analysis of models for what determines health and evidence for social, economic, environmental, genetic, health system, and other factors that influence health of populations and defined subgroups.
HLT SER 244. Seminar in Health Services and Policy Evaluation. (4)
Seminar applying alternative evaluation research theories and methods to health service organizations and systems. Topics include linking evaluation criteria to policy decisions, theories, and previous research; political and organizational context of evaluation; utilization of findings; and meta-evaluation.
HLT SER 245. Society's Response to Aging. (4)
Examination of central issues of health care delivery to the elderly in the U.S. Topics include demographic trends, economic characteristics, health status, demands for care, health care financing, long-term care, and continuum of care for the aged.
HLT SER 246. Special Populations: Health Service Policy Issues. (4)
Doctoral-level seminar which focuses on health services for selected priority population groups, integrated scientific, organizational, economic, ethical, and political evidence as a basis for public policy. Different populations may be selected for attention each year.
HLT SER 247. Research Topics in Health Economics. (4)
Seminar in economic analysis of current health services issues. Critical examination of studies pertaining to health manpower, health care costs and controls, diffusion of technology, and cost-benefit analysis of health programs.
HLT SER 249A-249Z. Special Topics in Health Services. (4)
Advanced seminars covering current issues and special topics in health policy, health financing, and organization and administration of health services. Sections offered on regular basis, with topics announced in preceding term.
HLT SER 249D. Principles of Organization Leadership: Applications in Public Health and Welfare. (2 to 4)
Course examines principles and models of organization leadership including presentation by current leaders in the fields of health and welfare. Will also consider theories and empirical investigations of leadership qualities.
HLT SER M249E. Advanced Topics in Health Economics. (4)
(Formerly numbered 249E.) (Same as Public Policy M266.) Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M236. Advanced treatment of a number of topics in health economics, including mental health economics, pharmaceutical economics, and relationship between labor supply, welfare, and health. Letter grading.
HLT SER 249F. Quality Assessment and Assurance. (4)
Fundamental issues in quality assessment, quality assurance, and measurement of health status.
HLT SER 249G. Medical Technology - Development, Diffusion, Assessment, and Health Services. (4)
Doctoral-level seminar focusing on public policies that pertain to advancement of medical science and development of new technologies and promotion and regulation of their use.
HLT SER 249H. Special Topics in Health Services: Current Research Issues . (2 to 4)
Discussion, two hours. Designed for doctoral students. Review of articles in health services journals nominated as the best published during 1990. Analysis of articles to determine contribution to theory, methods, and/or implications for management or policy in health services organizations or health services as a field. S/U or letter grading.
HLT SER M249J. Mental Health Services. (4)
(Same as Psychiatry M251)Survey of contemporary American delivery of health services to the emotionally and mentally ill and retarded. Analysis of characteristics of such services, with historical background of their evolution, and projections of their future prospects.
HLT SER 249K. Special Topics in Health Services: Health Care Practice Guidelines, Variations in Care, and Patient Outcomes. (4)
Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M422, Biostatistics 100A, 100B. Designed for graduate students. Participation of students in critical review and discussion of selected papers dealing with course topics, including small and large area variations in care, and development and implementation of clinical guidelines. Emphasis on implications for health policy. Letter grading.
HLT SER M249L. Special Topics in Health Services: Ethical Issues in Public Health. (4)
(Formerly numbered 249L.) (Same as Community Health Sciences M249L.) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Case conferences, based on real-life experience, focus on ethical issues in health services organization and management, including ethical issues related to conflict of interest, quality of care, health insurance selection, choice of drugs, reproductive rights, AIDS, and resource allocation. Letter grading.
HLT SER 249M. Review of Current Health Services Management Literature. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Designed to help students remain current on recent developments in health services management and to place these current developments in proper context of academic research and theory. Letter grading.
HLT SER 249N. Accessing, Analyzing, and Presenting Health Care Management Data. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Designed to provide first-year M.P.H. health professional students with basic skills, and acquisition and quantitative analysis of data for health care management, as well as written and oral presentation of those results. Letter grading.
HLT SER 250. Evolution of the Health Professions in the Twentieth Century. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion 2 hours. Review of the forces responsible for the dramatic changes in the composition of the "helping" professions, and a description of the processes by which lay persons are educated/socialized into the major subgroups of the health professions. The major social forces external to the health care system affecting the composition of the work force also will be reviewed.
HLT SER 251. Process Improvement and Information Systems in Health Care Organizations. (4)
Introduction to concepts of health care quality measurement, process improvement, and information systems, as well as organizational aspects of implementing them.
HLT SER M253. Advanced Topics in Health Services Research: Access to Care. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M253)
Lecture, three hours. Doctoral seminar designed to explore health services research regarding access to health care and policies to enhance access. Topics include conceptual frameworks, measurement issues, study designs, analytic approaches, and substantive findings and trends in access and access-related policies.
HLT SER 265. Challenges in Clinical Health Services Research. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Designed to prepare students for challenges involved in conducting health services research on clinical topics and populations. Topics include formulating appropriate questions, identifying sources, mechanism of conducting field studies, identifying funding sources, writing grants, and publishing findings.
HLT SER M287. Politics of Health Policy. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M287.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisites: courses 200A and 200B, or Community Health Sciences 210. Examination of politics of health policy process, including effects of political structure and institutions; economic and social factors; interest groups, classes, and social movements; media and public opinion; and other factors. Letter grading.
HLT SER 400. Field Studies in Public Health. (2 to 4)
Field observation and studies in selected community organizations for health promotion or medical care.
HLT SER M422. Practices of Evaluation in Health Services: Theory and Methodology. (4)
(Same as Sociology M402) Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to health services evaluation. Examination and performance of specific evaluation procedures. Conducting of health services investigations, reporting results and methodologies.
HLT SER 425. Law and Epidemiology. (4)
Examination of the relationship between law and epidemiology, including the rise in litigation over mass exposure to toxic materials, other environmental hazards, and potential harms from pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
HLT SER 427. Population-Based Health Planning. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Introduction to techniques of forecasting health care needs, utilization, and expenditures using population-based planning.
HLT SER 431. Managerial Processes in Health Service Organizations. (4)
Lecture, one hour; laboratory, three hours. Managerial skills and behaviors applied to components of organizations at several levels: individual, interpersonal, group, intergroup, interorganization, and system. Unique features of health service organizations are stressed as applications are presented.
HLT SER 432. Integrative Seminar in Health Services Management. (4)
Residents and preceptors are responsible for presenting cases of actual administrative problems for solution by teams of students and faculty.
HLT SER 433. Health Service Organization Policy and Strategy. (4)
Lecture three hours; discussion, one hour. Conceptual, analytical, and technical aspects of policy and strategy formulation in health service organizations. Special attention to structure and dynamics of competitive markets, corporate-level strategic planning and marketing, managerial ethics and values, organizational creativity innovation.
HLT SER 434. Employer/Employee Health Management. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Prerequisites: course 100, a combination of three graduate courses in health planning, hospital finance, health policy, health insurance, occupational health, health services research, and health information systems, or equivalent, consent of instructor. Preview and analysis of how employer and employee groups provide, sponsor, and manage health-related services for others.
HLT SER 436. Financial Management of Health Service Organizations. (4)
Application of financial management and accounting principles to health care facilities, including unique financial characteristics of health care facilities, third-party reimbursement, cost finding and rate setting, operational and capital budgeting, auditing, and risk management.
HLT SER 437. Legal Environment of Health Service Management. (2)
General survey of legal aspects of health services management, including governance, agency, informed consent, medical malpractice, contracts, negligence, and case law relating to health facility operations.
HLT SER 438. Issues and Problems of Local Health Administration. (4)
Analysis of organizational issues currently faced by local health departments in increasing scope and quality of services; exploration of administrative problems and inter-agency relationships.
HLT SER 440A. Health Information Systems: Organization and Management. (4)
Lecture, two hours; laboratory, three hours. Principles of and systems relating to organization and management of a health facility's health information system.
HLT SER 440B. Health Information Systems: Organization and Management. (4)
Lecture, two hours; laboratory, three hours. Health and administrative research using clinical records. Principles of planning for routine and special studies. Individual investigation in methods of obtaining and processing data to meet needs of programs in institution and agency. Introduction to principles of medical auditing; analysis of medical and health services.
HLT SER 441. Ambulatory Care in the U.S. (4)
Seminar, three hours. Introduction to organization and management concepts, problems, and issues in ambulatory health services, including financial management and information systems requirements.
HLT SER 442A. Managed Health Care: Quality and Cost. (4)
Overview of issues related to growth, management, and planning of managed health care systems. Review of role of HMOs and PPOs, as well as discussion of managed care as a solution.
HLT SER 442B. Managed Care Practices. (4)
Introduction to practices and methodologies required of those participating in managed care sector. Attention to pros and cons and advantages and disadvantages of various aspects of managed care. Topics include revenue maximization and cost control, negotiating and contractual relationships among the parties to deliver care, and quality and performance measurement.
HLT SER 443A. Preventive Medicine in Public Health Practice. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Development, current status, and potential of preventive medicine in public health practice, focusing on risk indicator approach (exercise, alcohol, stress, etc, with consideration of program settings, delivery problems and issues.
HLT SER 443D. Advanced Hospital Financial Management Simulation. (4)
Lecture, one hour; discussion, one hour; laboratory, two hours. Practical aspects of hospital management decisions in a changing environment examined through computer simulation, with particular attention to economic projections, demand patterns, investment programs, and health care regulations.
HLT SER 443E. Advanced Hospital Financial Management. (4)
Hospital financial management, including reimbursement management, capital financing, and capital investment analysis, discussed and analyzed with respect to students' individual residency sites.
HLT SER 444. Applied Methodology in Health Planning. (4)
Lecture, three hours; fieldwork, four hours. Demonstration of methodology of health planning by involving students in formulation of actual health plan for existing agency in Los Angeles area.
HLT SER 445. Strategic Planning and Marketing in Health Care. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Survey course covering theory and applications of strategic planning and marketing concepts as they apply to health care organizations. Lectures and discussion of case studies for which students must prepare in advance, fieldwork, and microcomputer exercises.
HLT SER 446. Financing Health Care. (4)
Patterns of health care financing by consumers, providers, third-party intermediaries; trends in health service use; expenditures, national health insurance, and international comparisons of health financing.
HLT SER 447. State Health Policy Issues . (4)
Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 238. Focus on health policy development and implementation at state government level, with emphasis on financing, direct provision, and regulation of health care services, facilities, equipment technology, and manpower. Exploration of intergovernmental relationships.
HLT SER 447D. Management of Health Maintenance Organizations . (4)
Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 100, 134. Alternative approaches to fee-for-service for paying, providing, or arranging for delivery of health care services, and relating these approaches to national health policy.
HLT SER 447E. Health Insurance Principles and Programs. (4)
Examination of social actuarial, and commercial assumptions underlying private health insurance. Comparison with government-sponsored health insurance. Analysis of diversity of voluntary medical care insurance plans under different sponsorships and with varied scopes of coverage and benefits and their implications for public and private medical care developments.
HLT SER M448. Health Policy Issues for Dental Professionals . (2)
(Same as Dentistry M422.) Prerequisites: course 100 or equivalent, Biostatistics 100A or equivalent, Epidemiology 100, consent of instructor. Current public health policy issues in dental health, including cost, financing, role of government, and quality assurance. S/U grading.
HLT SER M449A. Child Health, Programs, and Policies. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M436A.) Requisite: course 100. Course M449A is requisite to M449B. Examination of history of child health policy trends and determinants of health, structure, and function of health service system; needs, programs, and policies affecting especially at-risk populations.
HLT SER M449B. Child Health, Programs, and Policies. (4)
(Same as Community Health Sciences M436B.) Requisites: courses 100, M449A. Examination of history of child health policy trends and determinants of health, structure, and function of health service system; needs, programs, and policies affecting especially at-risk populations.
HLT SER 450. Financial Theory of Health Services Organizations. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Study of health care financial management, including variables of cost of funds, availability of physicians to provide the necessary patients, efficiency of operations, and legal constraints. Letter grading.
COM HLT M208. Introduction to Demographic Methods. (4)
(Same as Biostatistics M208 and Sociology M213A) Lecture, four hours. Introduction to methods of demographic analysis. Topics include demographic rates, standardization, decomposition of differences, life tables, survival analysis, cohort analysis, birth interval analysis, models of population growth, stable populations, population projection, and demographic data sources.
COM HLT 210. Community Health Sciences. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Basic concepts, relationships, and policy issues in the field of community health, variability in definitions of health and illness, correlates of health and illness behavior, impact of social and community structure on health status, major contemporary approaches to health promotion and health education at community level. Use of comparative international perspective.
COM HLT 211A-211B. Program Planning, Research, and Evaluation in Community. (4)
Health Sciences. Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; outside assignments, eight hours. Development, planning, and administration of public health programs in community settings. Introduction to range of research methods and techniques used in designing and conducting health research, with particular emphasis on evaluation of community-based public health programs. Course organized into three modules.
COM HLT 212. Advanced Social Research Methods in Health. (4)
Lecture, four hours; laboratory, two hours; outside assignments, eight hours. Problems of health survey design and data collection; measurement issues in data analysis and interpretation; use of computer for analysis of large-scale survey data using various statistical techniques.
COM HLT 213. Research in Community and Patient Health Education. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Application of conceptual, theoretical, and evaluation skills to community-based health education risk-reduction programs. Computer applications, data management, and research methodologies taught through microcomputer and mainframe computer management and analysis of program data-bases.
COM HLT 220. Demography of Women. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Overview of demography of women, with focus on the U.S. Areas include trends and differentials in fertility, marital patterns and living arrangements, educational attainment, and labor force participation.
COM HLT 221. Introduction to Sociocultural Aspects of Health. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Examination of how social stratification and culture relate to health and health-related behavior. Consideration of four major status characteristics: age, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Description of epidemiological patterns and discussion of social meaning of the four characteristics.
COM HLT 228. Drug Abuse Prevention. (4)
Discussion, three hours. Identification and discussion of strategies for prevention of drug abuse at individual and community levels, particularly in minority populations.
COM HLT 229. Policy and Public Health Approaches to Violence Prevention. (4)
How policies relate to violence and development of skills to transmit this knowledge. Examination of wide range of policy topics and how each might be associated with a reduction/increase in violence/violent injury.
COM HLT 230. Family and Sexual Violence. (4)
Lecture, three hours; community, three to four hours. Examination of rape, incest, and spouse and elder abuse. Presentation of definitions, causes, outcomes of research on family and sexual violence, as well as response of social service, medical, and criminal justice systems.
COM HLT 231. Maternal and Child Nutrition. (4)
Nutrition of mothers, infants, and children in countries at various levels of socioeconomic development; measures for prevention and treatment of protein/calorie malnutrition; relationship between nutrition and mental development; impact of ecological, socioeconomic, and cultural factors on nutrition, nutrition education, and service.
COM HLT 233. Hunger and Food Insecurity as Public Health Issues. (4)
Lecture, three hours. Public health aspects of hunger and food insecurity in historical and international perspectives, including measurement and identification of vulnerability, prevention, and options for relieving acute food shortage.
COM HLT 235. The Family and Mental Health. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours; assignments, eight hours. Emphasis on how social organization of the family, relationships among family members, and extrafamilial roles of family members contribute to or detract from psychological well-being of spouses, parents, and children.
COM HLT 237. Evolving Paradigms of Prevention: Interventions in Early Childhood. (4)
Seminar, three hours; fieldwork, one hour. Introduction to use of early childhood interventions as means of preventing adverse health and developmental outcomes. Concepts of developmental vulnerability, approaches to assessment, models of service delivery, evaluation and cost-benefit issues, funding, and other policy issues.
COM HLT 238. Evolving Paradigms of Prevention: Interventions in Adolescence. (4)
Seminar, three hours. Introduction to organizing principles which underlie health assessment and intervention in adolescent populations (identity formation, access to care, knowledge/attitudes/behavior influences) and provide a basis for understanding pivotal issues in health enhancement, morbidity, and mortality.
COM HLT M239. Race and Ethnicity as a Variable in Practice and Research. (4)
(Same as Asian American Studies M239)Discussion, three hours. Integration of cross-cultural findings in health care with current American (U.S health care system paradigms to facilitate designing culturally based public health programs and train culturally competent practitioners.
COM HLT M244. Advanced Seminar: Medical Anthropology. (4)
(Same as Anthropology M263Q, Nursing M273, and Psychiatry M273) Seminar, three hours. Examination of interrelationships between society, culture, ecology, health, and illness. Bases for written critical analysis and class discussion provided through key theoretical works.
COM HLT 246. Women's Roles and Family Health. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Rapidly changing roles of women throughout the world are having important effects on women's own health and that of their families. Analysis of multidisciplinary research from both developing and industrialized countries to provide basis for in-depth discussion of programmatic and policy implications.
COM HLT 247. Population Change and Public Policy. (4)
Lecture, four hours. The course examines international population change, population-related policies, and public health implications of demographic processes.
COM HLT 248. Women's Mental Health. (4)
Discussion, three hours. Course describes the prevalence of psychological distress and psychiatric disorder among women, emphasizing the impact of social and cultural factors, including gender roles and socialization stratification and inequality; work and family roles; and diagnosis, help-seeking behavior, and treatment.
COM HLT 256. Bioterrorism: Deliberate Public Health Disaster. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Designed for graduate students. Public health significance of biological terrorist events and identification of strategies that public health professionals can use to prevent, detect, and intervene in bioterrorist events in order to prevent morbidity and mortality in the population.
COM HLT M260. Health and Culture in the Americas. (4)
(Same as Anthropology M266 and Latin American Studies M260) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Preparation: bilingual skills (English/Spanish) for Spanish discussion section. Issues throughout the Americas, especially indigenous/Mestizo Latin American populations. Holistic approach covering politics, economics, history, geography, human rights, maternal/child health, culture.
COM HLT 270A-270B. Foundations of Community Health Sciences. (4)
Designed for doctoral students. In-depth analysis of theories, methods, and research on which community health sciences are based.
COM HLT 271. Health-Related Behavior Change. (4)
Unified behavioral science approach to natural determinants of change, as foundation for planned change in health-related behavior at community, group, and individual levels.
COM HLT 272. Social Epidemiology. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Relationship between sociological, cultural, and psychosocial factors in etiology, occurrence, and distribution of morbidity and mortality. Emphasis on lifestyles and other socio-environmental factors associated with general susceptibility to disease and subsequent mortality.
COM HLT M274. Health Professions. (4)
(Same as Sociology M249A) Lecture, three hours. Sociological examination of concepts "health" and "illness" and role of various health professionals, especially physicians. Attention to meaning of professionalization and professional/client relationships within a range of organizational settings.
COM HLT 276. Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Social Policy Perspectives. (4)
Alternative models of alcohol and other drug addictions examined and implications assessed for public policy regarding their control. Prevention efforts and findings from California and national surveys, with primary emphasis on alcohol use and abuse.
COM HLT 277. Advanced Community Health Education. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Before planning the educational components of a health program, one must assess behaviors and factors influencing the health problem. Conceptual, theoretical, and evaluative skills developed and applied in constructing a community-based educational program.
COM HLT 281. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse among Women. (4)
Discussion of psychosocial aspects of abuse of alcohol and other drugs among women. Topics include etiology, prevention, treatment, hormonal influences, and role of the family. Emphasis on current theoretical perspectives and research findings.
COM HLT 283. Aging and Health Behavior. (4)
Discussion, three hours. Graduate seminar intended to explore sociocultural determinants of health-related behaviors among the aged.
COM HLT 284. Sociocultural Aspects of Mental Health. (4)
Discussion, three hours. Course examines how society shapes the mental health of its members and the lives of those who have been identified as mentally ill. Its focus is group differences (e.g., gender, ethnicity) in disorder and how it is socially constructed.
COM HLT 285. Aging, Health, and Society. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. General introduction to major social issues affecting health of the elderly in America. Leading gerontological theories and major issues that affect the aged, showing how those theories and issues influence health status, health promotion, and illness among the elderly.
COM HLT 289. Drug Abuse in Pregnancy: Special Focus on Adolescents and Utilizing Secondary Data Sources. (4)
Lecture, three hours; clinical placement. Designed for graduate students. Multidisciplinary graduate seminar combining didactic material on substance abuse in pregnancy, participation in ongoing research, and clinical experience in on- and off-campus settings. Medical, social, economic, and legal issues affecting pregnant substance abusers.
COM HLT 290. Race, Class, Culture, and Aging. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Experience of aging for African American, Latino, and Asian elderly examined in context of their families, communities, and the nation. Exploration of cultural and structural influences on health and lived experiences of those elders.
COM HLT 291. Health Policy and the Aged. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Examination of political, economic, and social forces that shape health policy for the aged, identifying failings in those policies within framework of broader health policy problems.
COM HLT 292. Communication and Media Development in Health Promotion/Education. (4)
Lecture, three hours; field practice, one hour. Selected aspects of communications planning, social marketing, mass media, and communications evaluation theory and practice.
COM HLT 293. Social and Behavioral Research in AIDS: Roundtable Discussion. (2 to 4)
Review and discussion of research programs directed toward identification of psychosocial, bio-behavioral, environmental, and community factors related to prevention and control of AIDS/HIV.
COM HLT M299. Intervention to Reduce HIV and Its Consequences. (4)
(Same as Psychiatry M289) Lecture, three hours. Examination of interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS transmission. Review of theory and research supporting efficacy of HIV interventions for a variety of high-risk populations.
COM HLT 426. School-Linked Services: Integrated Health, Education, and Social Services for Children in Communities. (4)
Seminar, three hours; fieldwork, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Examination of school services in context of other dramatic changes, scope of problems facing youth, roles that schools may serve as organizers/delivery sites for comprehensive services, and factors that influence development of appropriate school service models.
COM HLT 431. Research in Women's Health: Theories and Methods. (4)
Interdisciplinary perspective critically examining research on women's health. Overview of scientific inquiry and methods; gender roles; status attainment and medical sociology. Review of current data on women's health.
COM HLT M432. Perinatal Health Care: Principles, Programs, and Policies. (4)
(Same as Obstetrics and Gynecology M432) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Comprehensive examination of perinatal health care, including perinatal epidemiology, outcome measures, public programs, controversies surrounding new technology, regionalization, organization of services at federal, state, and county levels, and medical/legal issues.
COM HLT 434A. Maternal and Child Health in Developing Areas. (4)
Major health problems of mothers and children in developing areas, stressing causation, management, and prevention. Particular reference to adapting programs to limited resources in cross-cultural milieux.
COM HLT 435. Seminar: Advanced Issues in Women's Health. (2)
Provides a more advanced and in-depth understanding of ways in which scientists "know" and considerations of women's place in scientific discourse. Examination of a series of case studies as a starting point for discussion.
COM HLT 437. Preventive Medicine and the Family. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Comprehensive review and evaluation of scientific background and application of principles of preventive medicine, with primary focus on the family and the disadvantaged.
COM HLT 438. Research Seminar: Community Child Health Services. (2)
Discussion, one hour; laboratory, one hour; field trips, two hours. Examination and development of evaluation strategies for existing community child health services at the local level and development of evaluation strategies for selected topics in programmatic areas. Emphasis on collaborative research and consultation skills, with participation of local health department personnel.
COM HLT 448. Nutrition Policies and Programs: Domestic and International Perspectives. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours; field visits. Nutrition programs and policies in the U.S. and developing countries compared and contrasted. Analysis of role of major international, governmental, and nongovernmental agencies. Emphasis on meeting needs of vulnerable populations.
COM HLT 483. Leadership Development and Empowerment for Health Promotion and Health Education. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; seminar, one hour. Students develop a basic understanding of and competency in leadership development and empowerment support for health promotion in multicultural and distressed communities (e.g., South-Central Los Angeles).
COM HLT 487. Community Organization for Health. (4)
Theory and practice of community organizations, including models and strategies of community organization and their application to health problems and health policy. Particular attention to use of community organization for health promotion and to change public policy. Letter grading.
EPIDEM 200. Epidemiology I. (4)
Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours. Introduction to epidemiology, including factors governing health and disease in populations.
EPIDEM 210. Public Health Research Using Available Data. (2)
Lecture, one hour; discussion, one hour. Presentations and discussions of availability, concepts, content, and usefulness of already collected data in public health research. Major emphasis on public data such as National Center for Health Statistics surveys, vital statistics, census, etc.
EPIDEM M211. Statistics for Epidemiology. (4)
(Same as Biostatistics M211) Lecture, four hours. Concepts and methods tailored for analysis of epidemiologic data, with emphasis on tabular and graphical techniques. Expansion of topics introduced in courses 201A-201B and introduction of new topics, including principles of epidemiologic analysis, trend analysis, smoothing and sensitivity analysis.
EPIDEM 227. AIDS: A Major Public Health Challenge. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Presentation of epidemiologic, biologic, psychological, and clinical characteristics of AIDS and HIV infection. Discussion of policy implications and intervention strategies.
EPIDEM 246. Epidemiology of Aging. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Epidemiologic methods of estimating present and future burdens of aging: morbidity, disability, and dependency. Epidemiology of major disabling conditions affecting the elderly. Evaluation of possible intervention strategies. Methodological issues in geriatric epidemiology.
EPIDEM 260. Environmental Epidemiology. (2 to 4)
Lecture, one hour; discussion, one hour. Methodological problems and approaches of epidemiology for assessing health impact of major types of environmental exposure.
EPIDEM 261. Occupational Epidemiology. (4)
Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. Methodological considerations, approaches and limitations in epidemiological studies of occupational groups and environments.
EPIDEM 268. Introduction to Pharmacoepidemiology. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Pharmacoepidemiology is application of epidemiologic knowledge, reasoning, and methods to study of effects and uses of drugs. Survey of contemporary roles of pharmacoepidemiology in drug development and public health, with historical background of its evolution and projections of future prospects.
EPIDEM 270. Epidemiology and Health Policy. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Application of epidemiologic methods and findings in health services research, population health planning, and health policy to provide framework for integrating causal inference with decision making. Emphasis on conceptual and methodologic issues confronting researchers, clinicians, planners, administrators, and legislators.
EPIDEM 293. International HIV/AIDS Seminar. (2)
Seminar, two hours. Ongoing discussion of worldwide pandemic of HIV/AIDS, with emphasis on problems of surveillance, reporting, and intervention. Discussion of recent literature. Presentations by fellows from other countries.
EPIDEM 294. Epidemiology and Policy of Occupational and Environmental Health Issues. (2)
Seminar, two hours. Introduction to demands that go beyond "pure science," with focus on issues such as risk communication, potential influence (and ethics) of oversight panels and external review groups on presenting results and conclusions, and interest of government agencies.
EPIDEM 400. Field Studies in Epidemiology. (2 to 4)
Field work, to be arranged. Field observation and studies in selected community organizations for health promotion or medical care.
EPIDEM 410B. Management of Epidemiologic Data. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Data management for various epidemiologic study designs, confidentiality concerns; data management systems; introduction to mainframe computer.
EPIDEM 412. Public Health Surveillance. (2)
Lecture, two hours. Overview of public health surveillance methodology, including (1) design, implementation, and evaluation of surveillance systems, (2)
analysis and interpretation of surveillance data, and (3) application of surveillance methods to specific health-related outcomes.
BIOSTAT 200A. Biostatistics. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, one hour. Topics in methodology of applied statistics, such as design, analysis of variance, regression.
BIOSTAT 288. Seminar: Statistics in AIDS. (2)
Seminar, two hours. Designed for doctoral students. Recent statistical developments in analysis of AIDS data. Participants or outside speakers present their own research of discuss articles from the literature.
BIOSTAT 400. Field Studies in Biostatistics. (2 to 4)
Fieldwork, to be arranged. Field observation and studies in selected community organizations for health promotion or medical care.
BIOSTAT 403A. Computer Management of Health Data. (4)
Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours. Concepts of health data management, design and maintenance of large databases on various media as well as across networks; computing programming tools and techniques facilitating data entry, transmission, data retrieval for statistical analyses, tabulation and report generation useful to biostatisticians, health planners, and other health professionals.
BIOSTAT 413. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Statistics. (4)
Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of various types of statistical techniques used in the pharmaceutical and related industries. Topics will include bioassay and other assay techniques (e.g. ELISAs and FACs analysis), quality control techniques, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling.
BIOSTAT 420. Database Management Systems. (4)
Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours. Database and database models applied to medical and public health studies; design of databases for efficient data retrieval and statistical analysis using package database management and statistical package programs.
ENV HLT 200A-200B. Foundations of Environmental Health Sciences. (6)
Lecture, six hours. Multidisciplinary aspects of environmental health sciences in context of public health for environmental health majors.
ENV HLT 201. Seminar: Health Effects of Environmental Contaminants. (2)
Seminar, two hours. Emphasis on health effects of air, water, environmental pollutants on man and review of research literature.
ENV HLT 230. Environmental Management. (4)
Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to foundations and principles of environmental management, decision making, and evaluation of environmental policies and programs.
ENV HLT 232. Environmental Policy Decision Making. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Foundations, principles, and modeling of environmental policy decision making. Critical analysis of normative and behavioral models of action choices for protection and enhancement of environmental health, and development of an alternative model.
ENV HLT 234. Critical Readings in Environmental Policy for Scientists and Engineers. (4) Lecture, one hour; discussion, three hours. Designed for graduate science and engineering students. Critical analysis of environmental policies, regulations, and decisions and their scientific basis. Literature revision, classroom presentation, and research paper required.
ENV HLT 235. Quantitative Methods for Environmental Assessment. (4)
Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to quantitative methods for evaluating health effects and environmental impacts of human activities; concepts of environmental assessments and planning. Assignments include statistics analysis, risk assessment, economic methods. Examples from U.S. and California regulations, policy, project environmental assessments.
ENV HLT 250. Introduction to Occupational Safety and Health. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Scientific, legal policy, and historical issues in occupational health. Introduction to various related disciplines (e.g., occupational medicine, nursing, industrial hygiene, toxicology, epidemiology, health education).
ENV HLT 259E. Occupational Safety and Health Program Management. (4)
Lecture, four hours. Designed for graduate students. Introduction to application of management principles and techniques for management of safety and health and loss control programs. organic chemicals between phases, biological degradation and accumulation, and chemical reactions. Effect of humic substances on these processes.
LAW 326. Health Law. (4)
This course provides an overview of a variety of issues of current importance in the health care field. Attention will be paid both to understanding legal doctrine and critically assessing public policy issues. Topics covered will include traditional concerns of health care law such as the duty to treat, informed consent, and malpractice liability; financing and delivery issues such as insurance coverage and managed care regulation; and selected issues in bioethics such as the right to die, physician-assisted suicide, and organ transplantation.
PSYCTRY M240. Assessment and Treatment of African American Families. (3)
(Same as Afro-American Studies M240) Seminar, two hours. Designed for graduate students. Course aids mental health professionals and trainees in evaluation and treatment of African American families in terms of their cultural milieu, historical background, and economic status. Didactic presentations by instructors and invited guests form basis for supervised evaluation and case management with an African American child and family.
PSYCTRY 259. Legal and Ethical Issues with Vulnerable Populations. (3)
Lecture, 90 minutes; laboratory, three and one-half hours. Discussion of current laws dealing with vulnerable populations (e.g., children, developmentally disabled people, elderly people); philosophies, ethics, ethical codes, issues, and how to resolve them. Use of videotapes and discussion of cases.
PSYCTRY 290. Los Angeles HIV-Community Colloquia. (1)
Lecture, two hours. Examination of emerging scientific HIV-related research. Discussion of policy issues, theories, and designs of HIV-related services and programs and shifting epidemiology of the virus and disease.
PSYCTRY 295C. Advanced Seminars: Substantive Issues in Substance Abuse. (4)
Theoretical perspectives on drug use and abuse as well as policy and ethical aspects of drug abuse research. Research design and analysis issues pertinent to drug abuse research.
PSYCH 298. Health Status and Health Behaviors of Ethinic Minority Populations
Within the last five years we have witnessed unprecedented attention to the behavioral aspects of physical health and mental disorders in ethnic minority groups. Studies have documented that minorities receive less intensive health care services and a growing body of work indicates that race discrimination has negative outcomes for both physical and mental health. President Clinton in 1998 took the bold step of establishing an initiative that called for the elimination of health disparities in all racial/ethnic groups in this country. It is both critical and important that today's researchers, scientists and clinicians are knowledgeable about the health of ethnic minority groups. The goal of this course is to present an overview of the physical and mental health behaviors and the health status of the major ethnic/racial minority groups in the United States. The course will emphasize the role of behavior and environmental forces on the development and prevention of disease, illness, major mental disorders and the maintenance of good health. Particular focus will be given to culture, gender, socioeconomic status and factors of inequality in the health status, health care, and mental and physical help-seeking behaviors of African Americans, Asians and Pacific Islanders, Latinos and Native Americans in the United States. An examination of some of the major health disorders that are products of lifestyle patterns such as cardiovascular heart disease, cancer, addictive disorders and major mental disorders, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV in ethnic groups will be presented in the course. The last hour of the course will be spent on the policy implications of the material presented and identifying culturally competent interventions. The class will engage in a field experience in order to complete the folk/complementary/alternative medicine assignment.