Each fall since 1991 the UCLA Institute of Transportation Studies and the UCLA Extension Public Policy Program have organized a three-day invitation-only symposium on the Transportation – Land Use – Air Quality Connection. This invitation-only symposium is attended by over 125 public, private, and academic leaders, and is sponsored by almost two-dozen public and private organizations, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Highway Administration, California Department of Transportation, California Air Resources Board, University of California Transportation Center, Southern California Association of Governments, the Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission, Southern California Edison, Automobile Club of Southern California, and the Southern California Gas Company, among many others. Each year, the program sponsor steering committee selects a topic to be covered in various dimensions by approximately 30 academic, government, and private sector speakers from around the globe. October 18-20, 2009: “The UCLA Lake Arrowhead Symposium on the Transportation, Land Use, and Environment Connection: Economic Crisis as Opportunity for Reform.” This year’s invitation-only symposium focused on economic and environmental challenges and the opportunities they present for reforming the transportation – land use – environmental connection. Fundamental change, whether it is to the structure of state governance or to the roles of local planners, most often occurs during times of stress.